Sarawak is the largest state in Malaysia (~125,000 km²) and is located in the north of the island of Borneo, adjacent to the sultanate of Brunei, the other Malaysian state Sabah and Kalimantan (Indonesian part of Borneo). The northern coast of Sarawak is bordered by the South China Sea. Sarawak is easily accessible by plane, mainly via Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. The region’s main income resources are fisheries, oil & gas, rubber, timber, palm oil, cocoa and pepper. Large areas in Sarawak are still covered by equatorial rain forest, which is home to many endemic species of flora and fauna.